The Myth of Human Androginia
Androgyny expresses the coexistence of opposites within the divine biunity
Extracts from Treaty of the History of Religions by Mircea Eliade
(Introduction to abstract ephemeral sculpture titled Arcana Androginia and made in a large field of corn).
The mythical and religious thought, before expressing the concept of the divine biunity in metaphysical or theological terms, expressed it in biological terms (bisexuality).
All Indian erotic mysticism has the specific objective of achieving the perfection of man by his identification with a divine partner, that is, by androgynous. Divine androgyny has the consequence of monogeny or antogenesis, many myths tell how the divinity gave itself the existence, simple and dramatic way to indicate that the divinity is fully enough. The same myth, supported this time in a refined metaphysics, reappears in the Neoplatonic and Gnostic speculations of the end of the ancient world.
THE MYTH OF HUMAN ANDROGINIA
In many traditions, the primordial man, the ancestor, is androgynous and later mythical versions speak of primordial couples. Rabbinical comments suggest that Adam was conceived as androgynous, with Eve being the split of the primordial androgyne into two beings, male and female. The bisexuality of the first man is a tradition still very much alive in the so-called primitive societies (Australia, Oceania) and appears preserved or reformed, as I have already mentioned, in an anthropology as elaborate as that of Plato and that of the Gnostics.
The primordial androgyne was often conceived as a spherical (Australia, Plato), this spherical androgynous myth merges with the cosmogonic egg. The need that man feels to periodically annul the differentiated and fixed condition, to return to find the primordial totalization (ritual change of clothes in India and Persia ...) has the same explanation as the periodic orgy in which all forms are they disintegrate to be able to return to the whole alive before the creation.
The androgyny is achieved outside of the religious life proper. It is not obtained only by the surgical operations that accompany the Australian ceremonies of initiation, by a ritual orgy, by a change of costumes, etc., but also by procedures of alchemy (philosopher's stone formula also called hermetic androgyny), by marriage , for example in the Kabbalah and even in the German romantic ideology for sexual orgasm. In the background One can also speak of an androgyny of man by love, since in love each sex acquires, conquest, the qualities of the opposite sex.